Dissertation Index

Author: Anson-Cartwright, Mark

Title: The Development Section in Haydn's Late Instrumental Works

Institution: City University of New York

Begun: May 1995

Completed: August 1998


An investigation into the harmonic and linear structure of Haydn's late developments, based on analyses of approximately 70 sonata-form movements (mostly first movements) from symphonies, string quartets, piano sonatas, and piano trios written during the period 1787-1799. A typology of middleground plans for developments (based on Schenker's analytical method) provides a general frame of reference for the discussion of various aspects of structure and design, including many of the unpredictable harmonic techniques which are hallmarks of Haydn's style. Among these techniques are augmented sixth chords, whose potential for functional and enharmonic ambiguity Haydn exploited in his developments in an impressive variety of ways. Comprehensive analyses of the first movements of Symphonies Nos. 93, 100, and 102 reveal motivic processes on both foreground and middleground levels, especially those processes that link the development to other formal sections (notably the slow introduction). It is argued that Symphony No. 103 (the "Drum Roll") is an outstanding example of cyclic integration, achieved primarily through harmonic and motivic associations between the development sections of the outer movements. The historical significance of Haydn's developments, especially in relation to the music of Mozart, Beethoven, and Schubert, is briefly assessed.


Prof. Mark Anson-Cartwright
Music Department
Emily Lowe Hall
112 Hofstra University
Hempstead, NY 11549

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