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Polak and London, Timing and Meter in Mande Drumming

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Figure 3.8. Compound ensemble melody of the basic duplet theme for Bire

Top row: metric cycle. Second row: compound melody of the open tones of the first and second dundunba. The higher tuned first dundunba’s tones are placed above the lower tuned second dundunba’s ones; this is meant to symbolically represent their melodic relationship. Bottom row: bell rhythm