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       M U S I C          T H E O R Y         O N L I N E
                     A Publication of the
                   Society for Music Theory
         Copyright (c) 1995 Society for Music Theory
| Volume 1, Number 3        May, 1995      ISSN:  1067-3040   |
  General Editor                          Lee Rothfarb
  Co-Editors                              Dave Headlam
                                          Justin London
                                          Ann McNamee
  Reviews Editor                          Brian Alegant
  Manager                                 Robert Judd
  Consulting Editors
	Bo Alphonce		   Thomas Mathiesen
	Jonathan Bernard	   Benito Rivera
	John Clough		   John Rothgeb
	Nicholas Cook		   Arvid Vollsnes
	Allen Forte		   Robert Wason
	Marianne Kielian-Gilbert   Gary Wittlich
	Stephen Hinton		   
  Editorial Assistants             Christopher Pitchford
                                   Ralph Steffen
  All queries to: mto-editor@smt.ucsb.edu  or to
                         * * CONTENTS * *
AUTHOR AND TITLE                                 FILENAMES
1. Target Articles
Timothy Johnson, The Computer Presentation       mto.95.1.3.johnson.art
  of Musical Research: A Case Study
David Kopp, On the Function of Function          mto.95.1.3.kopp.art
2. Commentaries
Thomas Demske, Response to Parncutt              mto.95.1.3.demske.tlk
Richard Hermann, Towards a New Analytic          mto.95.1.3.hermann.tlk
  Method for Post-Tonal Music: A Response
  to Thomas R. Demske
Justin London, Misreading Meyer: A reply         mto.95.1.3.london.tlk
  to Cochrane
Richard Parncutt, Response to Demske:            mto.95.1.3.parncutt.tlk
  Relating Sets
William Rothstein, The Tristan Chord in          mto.95.1.3.rothstein.tlk
  Historical Context: A Response to John         mto.95.1.3.rothstn1.gif
  Rothgeb                                        mto.95.1.3.rothstn2.gif
  [NOTE: Rothstein's response is also available at the URL
3. Reviews
Stephen Smoliar,  Book Review: Robert Cogan,     mto.95.1.3.smoliar.rev
   *New Images of Sound*                         mto.95.1.3.smoliar1.gif
4. Announcements                                 mto.95.1.3.ann
a. SMT Special Interest Group in the Philosophy of Music
b. The Middle Ages in Contemporary Popular Culture:  Call For Papers
c. Feminist Theory and Music 3: Negotiating the Faultlines
d. Society for Seventeenth-Century Music: Call for Papers
5. Employment                                    mto.95.1.3.job
Music Department, University of Sheffield, UK 
  (Lecturer/Senior Lecturer in Composition)
6. New Dissertations                             mto.95.1.3.dis
Doerksen, John F.  "A Theory of Set-class Salience for Post-tonal
   Music, with Analyses of Selected Lieder by Anton Webern." University
   of Western Ontario, 1994.
McCallum, Peter, H.J.  "The Analytical Significance of Beethoven's
   Sketches for the String Quartet in F major, opus 135." University of
   Sydney, spring 1995 (projected)
Nelson, Mark.  "Quieting the Mind, Manifesting Mind:  The Zen
   Buddhist Roots of John Cage's Early Chance-Determined and Indeterminate
   Compositions." Princeton University, 1995.
Rupprecht, Philip E.  "Tonal Stratification and Conflict in the Music
   of Benjamin Britten," Yale University, 1993.
Scotto, Ciro, G.  "Can Non-Tonal Systems Support Music as Richly as
   Tonal Systems?" University of Washington, Dec., 1995 (projected)
Squibbs, Ronald J.  "Analytical Issues in Recent Instrumental Works of
   Iannis Xenakis." Yale University, 1996 (projected)
Thomas, Margaret E.  "Polytempo as Temporal Dissonance in the Player
   Piano Studies of Conlon Nancarrow." Yale University, 1995.
Waters, William J.  "A Study of Temporal Change in the Recorded
   Performances of Igor Stravinsky's, `The Rite of Spring'." Florida
   State University, Dec., 1995 (projected)
7. Communications
1.  MTO Access Survey
2.  Guide to Web Tools
3.  HTML Essays
4.  MTO Database
1. MTO Access Survey
Thanks to all who kindly replied to the MTO access survey I sent out
toward the beginning of April. Here are the results:
     Access methods      No. of users
     ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~      ~~~~~~~~~~~~
     mto-serv            54
     ftp                 18   
     gopher              12
     www                 50
     none                33
This was primarily an informational survey; some who expressed concern
that www might "elbow out" other methods should not worry! We realize
that not everyone has high-powered technology easily available and
will continue to strive to make MTO accessible to as many as possible,
as conveniently as possible.
At the same time, a number of respondents were excited about the
prospects of www. We will be moving toward more html documents (in
addition to ascii versions) in the future (see below for the first).
As an indication of the usage of the www access method, here is a
week-by-week tally of www accesses to SMT documents:
     Week           MTO  SMT 
     ~~~~           ~~~  ~~~ 
     March 24-31    151  120 
     April 1-6      106  107 
     April 7-14     114  107 
     April 14-21    112  134 
     April 21-28     94   95 
     April 28-May 5  98  128 
     May 5-12       103   80 
Robert Judd
MTO Manager
2. Guide to Web Tools*
This provides information for MTO subscribers regarding 
A. gaining access to world-wide web
B. editing documents for www browsers
*This "Guide to Web Tools" is available as www-tools.txt in the
pub/smt/mto/docs directory on the host fas.harvard.edu.  It can
be retrieved either through anonymous FTP, or with the MTO
FileServer, mto-serv.
A. Gaining access to www
www is a means for viewing documents via the internet. Those with www
capabilities can use graphic interface (mouse) with point-and-click
uploading and downloading of documents, including visual and aural
images.  The usefulness of this technology for MTO seems clear.
To gain access to www documents one needs a "browser," a program that
does the work of processing data so that it appears correctly on a
local screen.
If you have e-mail capabilities, you can gain access to www
documents. The question you need to answer is "which method is best
for me?" The answer depends on your hardware and electronic connection
1) web documents via e-mail
All web documents are available via e-mail. Simply send a message to the 
following address:
include the text line 
     send <full www address>
     send http://smt.ucsb.edu/mto/index.html
The document will be mailed to you. 
2) basic browsing connection: Lynx
The most straightforward and "plain" browser is Lynx, which is
intended for running on mainframes. It is useful in that it does not
require high-power modems or SLIP/PPP connection (more on that
later). All you do is log on to your e-mail account and run Lynx, just
as you might run your e-mail program.  While it does not enable full
graphic interface (no mouse), it does allow for document reading and
enables easy downloading of all graphics and text files. It is quite
similar to "gopher" in general appearance.
If you do not have Lynx running locally chances are that your system
administrator will load it and make it available if you ask
him/her. The Lynx "help" and "commands" pages are essential; be sure
to read them, so that you can utilize the program's potential.
3) intermediate connection: SlipKnot
If you have a PC running Windows, a unix e-mail account and a fast
modem (9600 baud and up) you can get full graphic access to www
through a program called SlipKnot. It is shareware and requires
registration after a short trial period. It is available only in a PC
version at present.
SlipKnot's primary feature is that it DOES NOT require SLIP or PPP or
TCP/IP services.
SlipKnot is being published by MicroMind Inc. as restricted shareware.
The SlipKnot 1.0 distribution file (approx. 1.2 MB) is available for 
downloading from the following sites:
Site              Directory              File
In North America:
oak.oakland.edu   /SimTel/win3/internet          slnot100.zip
ftp.uoknor.edu    /mirrors/SimTel/win3/internet  slnot100.zip
ftp.netcom.com    /pub/pbrooks/slipknot          slnot100.zip
In the U.K.:
src.doc.ic.ac.uk  /computing/systems/ibmpc/simtel-win3/internet   slnot100.zip
In Australia:
ftp.bf.rmit.edu.au  /pub/pc/www/slnot100.zip
For help on installation, there is a step-by-step procedure both in
the included READ.ME file and inside the SlipKnot Help screens.  There
is also a SlipKnot FAQ file dedicated to installation questions;
please retrieve it via anonymous FTP from one of addresses below if
you have any problems:
interport.net   /pub/pbrooks/slipknot    sntfaq1.txt
If you have a WWW browser (lynx and www are fine), then SlipKnot's
Home Page can be accessed at:
4) full connection: Mosaic
If you have an ethernet connection, OR your e-mail mainframe allows
for SLIP/PPP access and you have a fast modem, you can utilize the
fully powered www browsers now available. The most popular browser is
Netscape, available via anonymous ftp from the following address:
(Many other ftp sites have the program available. Ask locally if you
need help.) Netscape is available in Mac and PC formats. At the moment
(5/15/95) the most effective version is 1.1, released at the end of
April. There are many other browsers available (e.g. Cello, NCSA
Mosaic, Omniweb), but none as popular.
Q: How do I know if I have ethernet or SLIP/PPP?
A: Ask your local e-mail help contact. (SLIP = Serial Line Internet
Protocol; PPP = Point to Point Protocol; both enable more efficient
modem communication.) If you are on a public internet-access site such
as CompuServe or America Online, SLIP/PPP may be available to you for
a hefty monthly fee; you might want to look for newer internet service
providers, who can give this type of connection to you for $10-20 a
Modem users need "socket" software to enable SLIP/PPP connection. One
of the most popular (for PCs) is Trumpet Winsock. If you would like to
obtain a copy of this product you can find it at the anonymous ftp
site ftp.utas.edu.au.  The file, twsk10a.zip, is located in the
/pc/trumpet/winsock directory.
A copy of this Shareware product may also be had at the NCSA anonymous
ftp server, ftp.ncsa.uiuc.edu. The file, winsock.zip, is in the
/PC/Mosaic/sockets directory. (There are many other sites that make
this program available; ask locally for assistance.)
Q: How do I download files via anonymous ftp?
A: See the MTO Guide for full details on how to use anonymous ftp. To
receive the current Guide send the following one-line message:
	information mto-list
to the address:
and the Guide will be mailed to you. 
B. Editing documents for html browsers
HTML (hypertext markup language) is understood by all WWW
browsers. Its purpose is to make documents and links to documents or
images easily accessible across the networking spectrum.
For the purposes of MTO, authors need only be concerned with essential
style elements: managing titles, headers, footnotes, images (graphics)
and the like. MTO articles will not normally contain links to other
documents (other than graphics files).
Since HTML is so simple, a few minutes reading one of the guides to
html writing is well worth the time spent. The standard starting point
is the HTML Primer:
Other manuals and tutorials include Peter Flynn's "How to write HTML":
and Ian Graham's guide to HTML:
The Lynx help file is also useful in this regard. 
For more extended editing you might want to consider an HTML editor,
which makes it easy to enter the specific codes. The following is a
list of a few HTML editors; others are available as well.
Re this list: HTML Assistant (for PCs) and Rick Giles (for Macs) have
been used and endorsed by MTO editors. Let us know if you have others
you can recommend.
1. Macintosh
 a. Rick Giles (giles@dragon.acadian.ca)
    need SE/30, Mac III or other computer with 68020/compatible
      CPU; System 7 or higher, 2 MB RAM
    ftp: cs.dal.ca
    dir: /giles/HTML_Editor_1.0.sit.hqx
 b. Billy Lee (billy@gizmo.dt.navy.mil)
    at info-mac locations
    get:  bbedit-lite-232.hqx
2. IBM-PC/Compatible
 a. HTML Assistant
    site: ftp.cs.dal.ca
    dir: htmlasst
    file: htmlasst.zip or .exe file (self-extractor)
 b. HotMetal
    site: ftp.ncsa.uiuc.edu
    dir: /Web/html/hotmetal/Windows
    file: hotmetal.exe
Here is a WWW site for information on HTML Editors:
To read a document on learning about HTML:
Robert Judd
MTO Manager
3. HTML Essays
This issue of MTO includes a rudimentary example of an HTML 
document, William Rothstein's response to John Rothgeb's MTO 1.2 
essay on the "Tristan Chord."  The musical examples are integrated 
into the text, and the footnotes, rather than following each 
paragraph as in the text-only version of MTO, may be viewed by 
clicking on footnote reference numbers.  Links at the end of each 
foonote lead back to the appropriate point in the text.  In addition 
to permitting such links and text-graphics integration, HTML allows 
control over paragraph and character formatting (e.g. italics and 
diacritical markings for foreign-language characters).
Now that MTO is being distributed on the World-Wide Web, I would 
like to encourage prospective authors to consider submitting essays 
formatted with the HyperText Markup Language (HTML), not really a 
computer language but rather a set of "tags" that control the display 
of text in a Web browser.  Robert Judd, MTO Manager, has prepared a 
document (described above) that explains how to get HTML editors for 
various hardware platforms.  Further questions about HTML editors, or 
about Web browsers, should be addressed to him.
4. MTO Database
Subscribers should be aware of the MTO database, which indexes all 
articles, commentaries, and reviews published in the journal 
according to author, title, and keywords.  The database is updated 
with each new issue.  The database does not include the author-title 
listings for dissertations postings included in MTO.  The file 
diss.index, alphabetized by authors' last names, is comprehensive 
listing of dissertation postings.
The MTO Guide explains how to use the database.  In brief, to do 
a search, send an email message to mto-serv@husc.harvard.edu.  In 
the body of the message (not in any of the header lines) include 
the word "path" followed by your full email address (Bitnet-only 
users must include .BITNET), and one or more of the other lines 
listed after the "path" line:
path YourEmailAddress
search ITEM=article, review, talk
search AUTHOR=LastName
search TITLE=TitleWord(s)
search KEYWORDS=Keyword(s)
search REFERENCE=ReferenceFile(s)
Don't forget the "equals" sign!  The ITEM= line specifies whether 
the desired item is an article, review, or a commentary (= talk).  
These can be combined with Boolean operators (or, and).  The AUTHOR= 
line would be filled in with an author's last name.  The TITLE= line 
would be filled in with one or more words from the title of the item, 
if known.  The KEYWORDS= line can include a single word, or may be 
filled in with two or more keywords linked with Boolean operators.  
The REFERENCE= line is specifically for locating commentaries on a 
particular article.  The line is filled in with the standard MTO 
filename of the article for which a user wishes to locate 
commentaries published in MTO.  For complete instructions on 
searching the database, consult the Guide.
Please report any typographical or other errors discovered in 
the database to the General Editor (address below).
Lee A. Rothfarb, General Editor
Music Theory Online
University of California, Santa Barbara
8. Copyright Statement
   1.  Retrieving MTO Items (with mto-serv, FTP, and through WWW)
   2.  Subscribing to MTO
   3.  Retrieving MTO Documentation
   4.  Queries and Communications
MTO FileServer (mto-serv)
Items are retrieved by sending an email message to the MTO FileServer,
mto-serv, or through anonymous FTP (see below).  To use the FileServer,
send a message to one of the following two addresses:
	mto-serv@husc.harvard.edu	(Internet)
	mto-serv@husc.bitnet		(Bitnet)
Leave the "Subject:" line blank and as the body of the message include
the following lines (no personal letterheads or signatures!):
path YourEmailAddress	  (Bitnet addresses *must* include .BITNET)
send Item		  (specify item, as listed below)
send Item		  (additional "send" lines, if desired)
After the word "path," enter your full email address (Bitnet users
must include .BITNET).  Be *sure* to include the word "path" 
followed by a valid email address.  Without the "path" line, mto-serv 
will not know where to deliver requested items.  To retrieve items
from the *current* issue of MTO, after the word "send," replace "Item" 
with the one of the following options:
articles	(= main article[s])
gifs		(= musical examples)
reviews		(= review[s])
commentaries	(= commentaries on past MTO articles)
dissertations	(= dissertation listings)
announcements	(= announcements)
jobs		(= job listings)
package		(= all the above items, in a single package)
toc		(= current table of contents)
path john_doe@husc.harvard.edu
send package
Subscribers with restricted emailbox space should be careful when
using the "package" option.  A full issue of MTO, text and musical
examples, can be quite large and may "crash" an emailbox of limited
size.  It may be safer to request a few files at a time, and to remove
them from the emailbox before requesting more files.
For instructions on retrieving items from back issues, or complete 
back issues of MTO, consult the document "mto-guide.txt" (see below,
on retrieving MTO documentation).
MTO items may also be retrieved through anonymous FTP.  The site is: 
fas.harvard.edu).  Use "anonymous" as loginID and your email address 
as password.  Change to the directory pub/smt/mto (with the command: 
cd pub/smt/mto).  The file mto.current contains all items constituting 
the current issue; toc.current is the most recent table of contents.  
The individual items of the current issue have filenames that begin 
as follows:  mto.yy.v.i, where "yy" is the last two digits of the 
current year; "v" is the current volume number; and "i" is the current 
issue number (example: mto.94.0.6).  Refer to the MTO Guide for further 
MTO has a World-Wide Web page, at the following URL:
Follow the links to view the current or past issues.
To subscribe to MTO, send an email message to one of the following
"listproc" addresses:
	listproc@husc.harvard.edu	(Internet)
	listproc@husc.bitnet		(Bitnet)
Leave the "Subject:" line blank and as the text of the message include 
the following single line (no personal letterheads or signatures!): 
subscribe mto-list YourFirstName YourLastName
You will receive a message confirming your subscription.  Once the 
subscription is confirmed, to receive the MTO Guide send a message to 
one of the "listproc" addresses shown above, and as the body of the
message include the single line:  information mto-list
To cancel a subscription, send the following single line to one of the 
"listproc" addresses (not to mto-serv!):  unsubscribe mto-list
[NOTE:  Do not send email to the "listproc" addresses for anything
other than initiating and terminating subscriptions to MTO.  Further,
do not send email to mto-list@husc.  mto-list is solely for broadcasting
MTO to its subscribers, *not* for communication among subscribers, nor 
for retrieving MTO items (done with mto-serv), nor for communication
with the Editor (address above).  Please do not send mail to 
mto-list@husc, *nor* use a "reply" command on email distributed through 
Several MTO explanatory documents are available through mto-serv:
mto-guide.txt (the MTO Guide, also retrievable from "listproc")
   Instructions for
	a. subscribing to MTO
	b. retrieving MTO items (articles, reviews,
	   commentaries, musical examples, and figures)
	c. posting items in MTO (announcements, jobs, dissertations)
	d. searching the MTO database
   Guidelines for authors
   MTO editorial policy
   List of available software (IBM and Mac) for MTO
   subscribers, and instructions for retrieving the
   List of all files in the MTO archive (updated regularly)
To retrieve any of these documents, send an email message to one of 
the "mto-serv" addresses (not to the "listproc" addresses!), and use 
the format shown above ("path" line with full email address, and one 
or more "send" lines specifying the desired document[s]).  For example, 
to retrieve the document called "software.txt," address a message to 
mto-serv and as the body of the message include only the following two 
lines (no personal letterheads or signatures!):
path john_doe@husc.harvard.edu    (Bitnet addresses must include .BITNET)
send software.txt
send authors.txt		  (additional "send" lines for more items)
The words "path" (followed by an email address) and "send" (followed
by the desired item) *must* appear.
Send all queries and communications (announcements, letters to
the Editor, etc.) to one of the following addresses:
	mto-editor@smt.ucsb.edu or to
Copyright Statement
[1] *Music Theory Online* (MTO) as a whole is Copyright (c) 1995,
all rights reserved, by the Society for Music Theory, which is
the owner of the journal.  Copyrights for individual items 
published in MTO are held by their authors.  Items appearing in 
MTO may be saved and stored in electronic or paper form, and may be 
shared among individuals for purposes of scholarly research or 
discussion, but may *not* be republished in any form, electronic or 
print, without prior, written permission from the author(s), and 
advance notification of the editors of MTO.
[2] Any redistributed form of items published in MTO must
include the following information in a form appropriate to
the medium in which the items are to appear:
	This item appeared in *Music Theory Online*
	It was authored by [FULL NAME, EMAIL ADDRESS],
	with whose written permission it is reprinted 
[3] Libraries may archive issues of MTO in electronic or paper 
form for public access so long as each issue is stored in its 
entirety, and no access fee is charged.  Exceptions to these 
requirements must be approved in writing by the editors of MTO, 
who will act in accordance with the decisions of the Society for 
Music Theory.