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M U S I C T H E O R Y O N L I N E
A Publication of the Society for Music Theory Copyright (c) 1995 Society for Music Theory +-------------------------------------------------------------+ | Volume 1, Number 3 May, 1995 ISSN: 1067-3040 | +-------------------------------------------------------------+
General Editor Lee Rothfarb
Co-Editors Dave Headlam Justin London Ann McNamee
Reviews Editor Brian Alegant
Manager Robert Judd
Consulting Editors Bo Alphonce Thomas Mathiesen Jonathan Bernard Benito Rivera John Clough John Rothgeb Nicholas Cook Arvid Vollsnes Allen Forte Robert Wason Marianne Kielian-Gilbert Gary Wittlich Stephen Hinton
Editorial Assistants Christopher Pitchford Ralph Steffen
All queries to: firstname.lastname@example.org or to email@example.com ------------------------------------------------------
* * CONTENTS * *
AUTHOR AND TITLE FILENAMES
1. Target Articles Timothy Johnson, The Computer Presentation mto.95.1.3.johnson.art of Musical Research: A Case Study
David Kopp, On the Function of Function mto.95.1.3.kopp.art mto.95.1.3.kopp1.gif mto.95.1.3.kopp2.gif mto.95.1.3.kopp3.gif
2. Commentaries Thomas Demske, Response to Parncutt mto.95.1.3.demske.tlk
Richard Hermann, Towards a New Analytic mto.95.1.3.hermann.tlk Method for Post-Tonal Music: A Response to Thomas R. Demske
Justin London, Misreading Meyer: A reply mto.95.1.3.london.tlk to Cochrane
Richard Parncutt, Response to Demske: mto.95.1.3.parncutt.tlk Relating Sets
William Rothstein, The Tristan Chord in mto.95.1.3.rothstein.tlk Historical Context: A Response to John mto.95.1.3.rothstn1.gif Rothgeb mto.95.1.3.rothstn2.gif mto.95.1.3.rothstn3.gif mto.95.1.3.rothstn4.gif mto.95.1.3.rothstn5.gif mto.95.1.3.rothstn6.gif
[NOTE: Rothstein's response is also available at the URL http://smt.ucsb.edu/mto/issues/mto.95.1.3/mto.95.1.3.rothstein.html]
3. Reviews Stephen Smoliar, Book Review: Robert Cogan, mto.95.1.3.smoliar.rev *New Images of Sound* mto.95.1.3.smoliar1.gif mto.95.1.3.smoliar2.gif
4. Announcements mto.95.1.3.ann a. SMT Special Interest Group in the Philosophy of Music b. The Middle Ages in Contemporary Popular Culture: Call For Papers c. Feminist Theory and Music 3: Negotiating the Faultlines d. Society for Seventeenth-Century Music: Call for Papers
5. Employment mto.95.1.3.job Music Department, University of Sheffield, UK (Lecturer/Senior Lecturer in Composition)
6. New Dissertations mto.95.1.3.dis Doerksen, John F. "A Theory of Set-class Salience for Post-tonal Music, with Analyses of Selected Lieder by Anton Webern." University of Western Ontario, 1994. McCallum, Peter, H.J. "The Analytical Significance of Beethoven's Sketches for the String Quartet in F major, opus 135." University of Sydney, spring 1995 (projected) Nelson, Mark. "Quieting the Mind, Manifesting Mind: The Zen Buddhist Roots of John Cage's Early Chance-Determined and Indeterminate Compositions." Princeton University, 1995. Rupprecht, Philip E. "Tonal Stratification and Conflict in the Music of Benjamin Britten," Yale University, 1993. Scotto, Ciro, G. "Can Non-Tonal Systems Support Music as Richly as Tonal Systems?" University of Washington, Dec., 1995 (projected) Squibbs, Ronald J. "Analytical Issues in Recent Instrumental Works of Iannis Xenakis." Yale University, 1996 (projected) Thomas, Margaret E. "Polytempo as Temporal Dissonance in the Player Piano Studies of Conlon Nancarrow." Yale University, 1995. Waters, William J. "A Study of Temporal Change in the Recorded Performances of Igor Stravinsky's, `The Rite of Spring'." Florida State University, Dec., 1995 (projected)
1. MTO Access Survey 2. Guide to Web Tools 3. HTML Essays 4. MTO Database ==========================
1. MTO Access Survey
Thanks to all who kindly replied to the MTO access survey I sent out toward the beginning of April. Here are the results:
Access methods No. of users ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ ~~~~~~~~~~~~ mto-serv 54 ftp 18 gopher 12 www 50 none 33
This was primarily an informational survey; some who expressed concern that www might "elbow out" other methods should not worry! We realize that not everyone has high-powered technology easily available and will continue to strive to make MTO accessible to as many as possible, as conveniently as possible.
At the same time, a number of respondents were excited about the prospects of www. We will be moving toward more html documents (in addition to ascii versions) in the future (see below for the first).
As an indication of the usage of the www access method, here is a week-by-week tally of www accesses to SMT documents:
Week MTO SMT ~~~~ ~~~ ~~~ March 24-31 151 120 April 1-6 106 107 April 7-14 114 107 April 14-21 112 134 April 21-28 94 95 April 28-May 5 98 128 May 5-12 103 80
Robert Judd MTO Manager 5/15/95
2. Guide to Web Tools*
This provides information for MTO subscribers regarding
A. gaining access to world-wide web
B. editing documents for www browsers
*This "Guide to Web Tools" is available as www-tools.txt in the pub/smt/mto/docs directory on the host fas.harvard.edu. It can be retrieved either through anonymous FTP, or with the MTO FileServer, mto-serv. ========================================================================
A. Gaining access to www
www is a means for viewing documents via the internet. Those with www capabilities can use graphic interface (mouse) with point-and-click uploading and downloading of documents, including visual and aural images. The usefulness of this technology for MTO seems clear.
To gain access to www documents one needs a "browser," a program that does the work of processing data so that it appears correctly on a local screen.
If you have e-mail capabilities, you can gain access to www documents. The question you need to answer is "which method is best for me?" The answer depends on your hardware and electronic connection methods.
1) web documents via e-mail ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
All web documents are available via e-mail. Simply send a message to the following address:
include the text line
send <full www address>
The document will be mailed to you.
2) basic browsing connection: Lynx ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ The most straightforward and "plain" browser is Lynx, which is intended for running on mainframes. It is useful in that it does not require high-power modems or SLIP/PPP connection (more on that later). All you do is log on to your e-mail account and run Lynx, just as you might run your e-mail program. While it does not enable full graphic interface (no mouse), it does allow for document reading and enables easy downloading of all graphics and text files. It is quite similar to "gopher" in general appearance.
If you do not have Lynx running locally chances are that your system administrator will load it and make it available if you ask him/her. The Lynx "help" and "commands" pages are essential; be sure to read them, so that you can utilize the program's potential.
3) intermediate connection: SlipKnot ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ If you have a PC running Windows, a unix e-mail account and a fast modem (9600 baud and up) you can get full graphic access to www through a program called SlipKnot. It is shareware and requires registration after a short trial period. It is available only in a PC version at present.
SlipKnot's primary feature is that it DOES NOT require SLIP or PPP or TCP/IP services.
SlipKnot is being published by MicroMind Inc. as restricted shareware.
The SlipKnot 1.0 distribution file (approx. 1.2 MB) is available for downloading from the following sites:
Site Directory File ----------------------------------------------------- In North America:
oak.oakland.edu /SimTel/win3/internet slnot100.zip
ftp.uoknor.edu /mirrors/SimTel/win3/internet slnot100.zip
ftp.netcom.com /pub/pbrooks/slipknot slnot100.zip
In the U.K.:
src.doc.ic.ac.uk /computing/systems/ibmpc/simtel-win3/internet slnot100.zip
For help on installation, there is a step-by-step procedure both in the included READ.ME file and inside the SlipKnot Help screens. There is also a SlipKnot FAQ file dedicated to installation questions; please retrieve it via anonymous FTP from one of addresses below if you have any problems:
interport.net /pub/pbrooks/slipknot sntfaq1.txt
If you have a WWW browser (lynx and www are fine), then SlipKnot's Home Page can be accessed at:
4) full connection: Mosaic ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ If you have an ethernet connection, OR your e-mail mainframe allows for SLIP/PPP access and you have a fast modem, you can utilize the fully powered www browsers now available. The most popular browser is Netscape, available via anonymous ftp from the following address:
(Many other ftp sites have the program available. Ask locally if you need help.) Netscape is available in Mac and PC formats. At the moment (5/15/95) the most effective version is 1.1, released at the end of April. There are many other browsers available (e.g. Cello, NCSA Mosaic, Omniweb), but none as popular.
Q: How do I know if I have ethernet or SLIP/PPP? ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ A: Ask your local e-mail help contact. (SLIP = Serial Line Internet Protocol; PPP = Point to Point Protocol; both enable more efficient modem communication.) If you are on a public internet-access site such as CompuServe or America Online, SLIP/PPP may be available to you for a hefty monthly fee; you might want to look for newer internet service providers, who can give this type of connection to you for $10-20 a month.
Modem users need "socket" software to enable SLIP/PPP connection. One of the most popular (for PCs) is Trumpet Winsock. If you would like to obtain a copy of this product you can find it at the anonymous ftp site ftp.utas.edu.au. The file, twsk10a.zip, is located in the /pc/trumpet/winsock directory.
A copy of this Shareware product may also be had at the NCSA anonymous ftp server, ftp.ncsa.uiuc.edu. The file, winsock.zip, is in the /PC/Mosaic/sockets directory. (There are many other sites that make this program available; ask locally for assistance.)
Q: How do I download files via anonymous ftp? ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ A: See the MTO Guide for full details on how to use anonymous ftp. To receive the current Guide send the following one-line message:
to the address:
and the Guide will be mailed to you.
B. Editing documents for html browsers
HTML (hypertext markup language) is understood by all WWW browsers. Its purpose is to make documents and links to documents or images easily accessible across the networking spectrum.
For the purposes of MTO, authors need only be concerned with essential style elements: managing titles, headers, footnotes, images (graphics) and the like. MTO articles will not normally contain links to other documents (other than graphics files).
Since HTML is so simple, a few minutes reading one of the guides to html writing is well worth the time spent. The standard starting point is the HTML Primer:
Other manuals and tutorials include Peter Flynn's "How to write HTML":
and Ian Graham's guide to HTML:
The Lynx help file is also useful in this regard.
For more extended editing you might want to consider an HTML editor, which makes it easy to enter the specific codes. The following is a list of a few HTML editors; others are available as well.
Re this list: HTML Assistant (for PCs) and Rick Giles (for Macs) have been used and endorsed by MTO editors. Let us know if you have others you can recommend.
1. Macintosh a. Rick Giles (firstname.lastname@example.org) need SE/30, Mac III or other computer with 68020/compatible CPU; System 7 or higher, 2 MB RAM ftp: cs.dal.ca dir: /giles/HTML_Editor_1.0.sit.hqx
b. Billy Lee (email@example.com) BBEditLiet at info-mac locations get: bbedit-lite-232.hqx bbedit-html-ext-b3.hqx
2. IBM-PC/Compatible a. HTML Assistant site: ftp.cs.dal.ca dir: htmlasst file: htmlasst.zip or .exe file (self-extractor)
b. HotMetal site: ftp.ncsa.uiuc.edu dir: /Web/html/hotmetal/Windows file: hotmetal.exe
Here is a WWW site for information on HTML Editors: http://info.cern.ch/hypertext/WWW/Tools/Overview.html
To read a document on learning about HTML:
Robert Judd MTO Manager 5/15/95
3. HTML Essays This issue of MTO includes a rudimentary example of an HTML document, William Rothstein's response to John Rothgeb's MTO 1.2 essay on the "Tristan Chord." The musical examples are integrated into the text, and the footnotes, rather than following each paragraph as in the text-only version of MTO, may be viewed by clicking on footnote reference numbers. Links at the end of each foonote lead back to the appropriate point in the text. In addition to permitting such links and text-graphics integration, HTML allows control over paragraph and character formatting (e.g. italics and diacritical markings for foreign-language characters).
Now that MTO is being distributed on the World-Wide Web, I would like to encourage prospective authors to consider submitting essays formatted with the HyperText Markup Language (HTML), not really a computer language but rather a set of "tags" that control the display of text in a Web browser. Robert Judd, MTO Manager, has prepared a document (described above) that explains how to get HTML editors for various hardware platforms. Further questions about HTML editors, or about Web browsers, should be addressed to him.
4. MTO Database Subscribers should be aware of the MTO database, which indexes all articles, commentaries, and reviews published in the journal according to author, title, and keywords. The database is updated with each new issue. The database does not include the author-title listings for dissertations postings included in MTO. The file diss.index, alphabetized by authors' last names, is comprehensive listing of dissertation postings.
The MTO Guide explains how to use the database. In brief, to do a search, send an email message to firstname.lastname@example.org. In the body of the message (not in any of the header lines) include the word "path" followed by your full email address (Bitnet-only users must include .BITNET), and one or more of the other lines listed after the "path" line:
path YourEmailAddress search ITEM=article, review, talk search AUTHOR=LastName search TITLE=TitleWord(s) search KEYWORDS=Keyword(s) search REFERENCE=ReferenceFile(s)
Don't forget the "equals" sign! The ITEM= line specifies whether the desired item is an article, review, or a commentary (= talk). These can be combined with Boolean operators (or, and). The AUTHOR= line would be filled in with an author's last name. The TITLE= line would be filled in with one or more words from the title of the item, if known. The KEYWORDS= line can include a single word, or may be filled in with two or more keywords linked with Boolean operators. The REFERENCE= line is specifically for locating commentaries on a particular article. The line is filled in with the standard MTO filename of the article for which a user wishes to locate commentaries published in MTO. For complete instructions on searching the database, consult the Guide.
Please report any typographical or other errors discovered in the database to the General Editor (address below).
Lee A. Rothfarb, General Editor Music Theory Online University of California, Santa Barbara email@example.com -----------------------------------
8. Copyright Statement +=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+ Overview: 1. Retrieving MTO Items (with mto-serv, FTP, and through WWW) 2. Subscribing to MTO 3. Retrieving MTO Documentation 4. Queries and Communications
1. RETRIEVING MTO ITEMS
MTO FileServer (mto-serv) Items are retrieved by sending an email message to the MTO FileServer, mto-serv, or through anonymous FTP (see below). To use the FileServer, send a message to one of the following two addresses:
firstname.lastname@example.org (Internet) email@example.com (Bitnet)
Leave the "Subject:" line blank and as the body of the message include the following lines (no personal letterheads or signatures!):
path YourEmailAddress (Bitnet addresses *must* include .BITNET) send Item (specify item, as listed below) send Item (additional "send" lines, if desired)
After the word "path," enter your full email address (Bitnet users must include .BITNET). Be *sure* to include the word "path" followed by a valid email address. Without the "path" line, mto-serv will not know where to deliver requested items. To retrieve items from the *current* issue of MTO, after the word "send," replace "Item" with the one of the following options:
articles (= main article[s]) gifs (= musical examples) reviews (= review[s]) commentaries (= commentaries on past MTO articles) dissertations (= dissertation listings) announcements (= announcements) jobs (= job listings) package (= all the above items, in a single package) toc (= current table of contents)
path firstname.lastname@example.org send package
********************************************************************** CAUTIONARY NOTE: Subscribers with restricted emailbox space should be careful when using the "package" option. A full issue of MTO, text and musical examples, can be quite large and may "crash" an emailbox of limited size. It may be safer to request a few files at a time, and to remove them from the emailbox before requesting more files. **********************************************************************
For instructions on retrieving items from back issues, or complete back issues of MTO, consult the document "mto-guide.txt" (see below, on retrieving MTO documentation).
FTP MTO items may also be retrieved through anonymous FTP. The site is: fas.harvard.edu). Use "anonymous" as loginID and your email address as password. Change to the directory pub/smt/mto (with the command: cd pub/smt/mto). The file mto.current contains all items constituting the current issue; toc.current is the most recent table of contents. The individual items of the current issue have filenames that begin as follows: mto.yy.v.i, where "yy" is the last two digits of the current year; "v" is the current volume number; and "i" is the current issue number (example: mto.94.0.6). Refer to the MTO Guide for further information.
WWW MTO has a World-Wide Web page, at the following URL:
Follow the links to view the current or past issues.
2. SUBSCRIBING TO MTO To subscribe to MTO, send an email message to one of the following "listproc" addresses:
email@example.com (Internet) firstname.lastname@example.org (Bitnet)
Leave the "Subject:" line blank and as the text of the message include the following single line (no personal letterheads or signatures!):
subscribe mto-list YourFirstName YourLastName
You will receive a message confirming your subscription. Once the subscription is confirmed, to receive the MTO Guide send a message to one of the "listproc" addresses shown above, and as the body of the message include the single line: information mto-list
To cancel a subscription, send the following single line to one of the "listproc" addresses (not to mto-serv!): unsubscribe mto-list
[NOTE: Do not send email to the "listproc" addresses for anything other than initiating and terminating subscriptions to MTO. Further, do not send email to mto-list@husc. mto-list is solely for broadcasting MTO to its subscribers, *not* for communication among subscribers, nor for retrieving MTO items (done with mto-serv), nor for communication with the Editor (address above). Please do not send mail to mto-list@husc, *nor* use a "reply" command on email distributed through mto-list.]
3. RETRIEVING MTO DOCUMENTATION Several MTO explanatory documents are available through mto-serv:
mto-guide.txt (the MTO Guide, also retrievable from "listproc") Instructions for a. subscribing to MTO b. retrieving MTO items (articles, reviews, commentaries, musical examples, and figures) c. posting items in MTO (announcements, jobs, dissertations) d. searching the MTO database authors.txt Guidelines for authors policy.txt MTO editorial policy software.txt List of available software (IBM and Mac) for MTO subscribers, and instructions for retrieving the software mto.index List of all files in the MTO archive (updated regularly)
To retrieve any of these documents, send an email message to one of the "mto-serv" addresses (not to the "listproc" addresses!), and use the format shown above ("path" line with full email address, and one or more "send" lines specifying the desired document[s]). For example, to retrieve the document called "software.txt," address a message to mto-serv and as the body of the message include only the following two lines (no personal letterheads or signatures!):
path email@example.com (Bitnet addresses must include .BITNET) send software.txt send authors.txt (additional "send" lines for more items)
The words "path" (followed by an email address) and "send" (followed by the desired item) *must* appear.
4. QUERIES AND COMMUNICATIONS Send all queries and communications (announcements, letters to the Editor, etc.) to one of the following addresses:
firstname.lastname@example.org or to email@example.com +=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+
Copyright Statement  *Music Theory Online* (MTO) as a whole is Copyright (c) 1995, all rights reserved, by the Society for Music Theory, which is the owner of the journal. Copyrights for individual items published in MTO are held by their authors. Items appearing in MTO may be saved and stored in electronic or paper form, and may be shared among individuals for purposes of scholarly research or discussion, but may *not* be republished in any form, electronic or print, without prior, written permission from the author(s), and advance notification of the editors of MTO.
 Any redistributed form of items published in MTO must include the following information in a form appropriate to the medium in which the items are to appear:
This item appeared in *Music Theory Online* in [VOLUME #, ISSUE #] on [DAY/MONTH/YEAR]. It was authored by [FULL NAME, EMAIL ADDRESS], with whose written permission it is reprinted here.
 Libraries may archive issues of MTO in electronic or paper form for public access so long as each issue is stored in its entirety, and no access fee is charged. Exceptions to these requirements must be approved in writing by the editors of MTO, who will act in accordance with the decisions of the Society for Music Theory.
+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+ END OF MTO TABLE OF CONTENTS