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       M U S I C          T H E O R Y         O N L I N E
                     A Publication of the
                   Society for Music Theory
         Copyright (c) 1996 Society for Music Theory
| Volume 2, Number 1     January, 1996     ISSN:  1067-3040   |
  General Editor                          Lee A. Rothfarb
  Co-Editors                              Dave Headlam
                                          Justin London
                                          Ann McNamee
  Reviews Editor                          Brian Alegant
  Manager                                 Robert Judd
  Consulting Editors
	Bo Alphonce		   Thomas Mathiesen
	Jonathan Bernard	   Benito Rivera
	John Clough		   John Rothgeb
	Nicholas Cook		   Arvid Vollsnes
	Allen Forte		   Robert Wason
	Marianne Kielian-Gilbert   Gary Wittlich
	Stephen Hinton		   
  Editorial Assistants              Ralph Steffen
                                    Cindy Nicholson
                                    Nicholas Blanchard
  Music Example Designer            William Loewe
  All queries to: mto-editor@smt.ucsb.edu  or to
                         * * CONTENTS * *
AUTHOR AND TITLE                                 FILENAMES
1. Target Article
Richard Littlefield, The Silence of the Frames   mto.96.2.1.littlfd.art
Also avaialble at the URL
2. Commentaries
John Rothgeb, Eytan Agmon on Functional Theory   mto.96.2.1.rothgeb.tlk
Also available at the URL
3. Reviews
Judy Lochhead, Review of *Embodied Voices:       mto.96.2.1.lochhead.rev
   Representing female vocality in western culture* 
   edited by Leslie C. Dunn and Nancy A. Jones  
   (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1994). 
   Series: New perspectives in music history and criticism, 
   General Editors: Jeffrey Kallberg and Anthony Newcomb.
Also available at the URL:
Patrick McCreless, Review of Jean-Jacques        mto.96.2.1.mccreles.rev
  Nattiez, *Wagner Androgyne: A Study in
  Interpretation* Princeton: Princeton University
  Press, 1993.
Also available at the URL:
4. Announcements                                 mto.96.2.1.ann
  a. Real Time Composition Library (RTC-lib) for MAX, version 2.2
  b. Rocky Mountain Society for Music Theory:  Call for Papers
  c. Music and {Con}Text:  Art Song in the Twentieth Century
  d. Tonal Structures in Early Music:  Provisional Program
  e. Georgia Association of Music Theorists:  Call for Papers
  f. Music Theory Midwest:  Call for Papers
  g. New England Conference of Music Theorists:  Call for Papers
  h. The Middle Ages in Contemporary Popular Culture:
     An Interdisciplinary Conference
  i. History, Music, and the Arts in Germany and Austria, 1815-1848
5. Employment                                    mto.96.2.1.job
   York University, Depaartment of Music, Faculty of Fine Arts
6. New Dissertations                             mto.96.2.1.dis
  a. Fung, Eric W.M. "The Performance of Chopin's First Movement of Piano 
     Sonata in B Minor, op. 58: A Schenkerian Approach."  The Chinese
     University of Hong Kong, 1995.
  b. Mooney, Kevin.  "The Table of Relations and Music Psychology in 
     Hugo Riemann's Harmonic Theory." Columbia University, 1995.
  c. Moreno, Enrique I.  "Embedding Equal Pitch Spaces and The Question 
     of Expanded Chromas: An Experimental Approach."  Stanford
     University, 1995.
  d. Seltzer, Linda A.  "The Unblinking Eye, Literary Theory in the 
     Analysis of Debussy's Pelleas et Melisande." Princeton Univerisity,
     in progress.
  e. Spicker, Volker.  "New Piano Improvisation."  University of Giessen,
     Institute of Musicology, 1997 (projected).
  f. Wang, Yuhwen.  "The Value of Values: Value Judgment in Edward T. 
     Cone's Music Analyses." Columbia University, 1996.
7. Communications
  1. *MTO* welcomes new staff
  2. New hardware added
  3. Dissertation Index
  4. *MTO* sounds off!
  5. MIDI files available
1.  *MTO* welcomes new staff
A few new staff members have been added to the *MTO* team at UCSB:
Cindy Nicholson, Nicholas Blanchard, both graduate students in music
theory, and William Loewe, a graduate student in composition.
Nicholson joins Ralph Steffen in copyediting, and Blanchard does HTML
formatting.  Loewe is our new Music Example Designer.  He created the
musical examples for this issue using Finale.  Thanks to all three for
their help in preparing volume 2.1!
2.  New hardware added
A few weeks ago we added a two-gigabyte external disk to boethius, the
SMT networking host..  The ever expanding volume of files for *MTO*,
including the anticipated audio files, will require more storage
space.  Further, additional administrative, application, and server
software was pushing the limits of the originally configured space for
such items.  The new disk (Seagate SCSI) will give us the flexibility
to try out new things without the worry of exceeding the limits in any
area of boethius's file system.
3.  Dissertation Index
One of the jobs assigned to our new HTML formatter, Nicholas
Blanchard, was to convert the plain-text version of the *MTO*
Dissertation Index into an HTML document.  That job has been
completed, and there is now a link on our home page for the Index.
The URL is http://smt.ucsb.edu/mto/docs/diss-index.html.
Each entry in the Index ends with a link to the file containing the
original dissertation listing.  Since those files are in plain-text
format, it was not possible to create a link pointing directly at the
selected dissertation data.  Once readers have followed a link from
the new Index, they can either use their browser's "Find" command to
locate the disertation listing, or can simply scroll through the
listings, which are ordered alphabetically.  Eventually, we hope to
convert all the files to HTML format, and will then revise the Index
links to point directly at the proper locations.
While on the topic of HTML-formatted indices, I should point out that
we offer an up-to-date hypertext index of all essays, reviews, and
commentaries published in the journal, and another of all
HTML-formatted items published so far.  Links for both indices are on
our home page.
Please report typographical errors and incorrect hypertext links to
Robert Judd, *MTO* Manager.
4.  *MTO* sounds off!
One of the reasons for equipping boethius with a new disk was to
accomodate sound files.  In this issue we offer sound files for John
Rothgeb's commentary on an article by Eytan Agmon.  The files are in
MIDI format (Musical Instrument Digital Interface).  They are small
because they consist of coded instructions that drive a MIDI
instrument, not of actual recorded sounds, as in .au and other
formats, which are huge in size by comparison.  The HTML version of
Rothgeb's commentary has links to the MIDI files alongside the links
to the musical examples.  Subscribers who have MIDI-enabled computers
will be able to play the music by clicking on the links.  Those who
lack the soft and hardware should read Robert Judd's message below.
5.  MIDI files available
With *MTO* 2.1 we've decided to include a few MIDI files by way of
"trial run"; they are part of John Rothgeb's essay, and consist of
data to enable playback of the examples through a MIDI device.
Readers can hear, as well as see, the examples in a format much less
cumbersome than regular sound files (.au or .wav formats).  That is,
to listen to a ten-second example using .au format one must download
an enormous file (over 100kb); the equivalent data in MIDI form is
only about 2kb.
As for sound quality: it's a compromise, but not as much as one might
initially suppose. The sound is entirely dependent on the quality of
the instrument with the MIDI connection. If you have a Steinway grand
with MIDI installed, the playback will be quite satisfactory.  If your
MIDI keyboard is less substantial, the sound won't be quite so
attractive!  But, for example, Yamaha Clavinovas produce a quite
respectable sound, and may be found in a number of computer/music
labs.  In any case, the point isn't to produce
commercial-recording-quality sound, but serviceable sound in an
efficient manner.
Those who use sequencing or notation software and a keyboard or other
MIDI instrument will have no difficulty hearing the files; simply
configure your web browser to open the sequencer or notation program
when it reads .mid files, then select "playback" from within the
application to hear the file. Even if you only have a "multimedia"
setup that plays CDs, you may still be able to hear the files if your
sound card includes a synthesizer.  For this possibility, consult your
documentation, as individual setups vary. If you have neither, to hear
the sounds you need to get a MIDI instrument, a "soundblaster" or
similar sound card (PC), or MIDI interface (Mac), and a program that
can read MIDI files (all sequencing programs do so, as do most
notation programs, e.g. Finale). The total outlay could amount to $500
(unless you opt for the Steinway!).
The sound files are obviously an ancillary part of Rothgeb's essay,
and readers may not want to trouble themselves over it.  However, the
prospects for MIDI files and *MTO* remain intriguing, and the editors
would be grateful for feedback on the matter.  What do you think?
Lee A. Rothfarb, General Editor
Robert Judd, *MTO* Manager
*Music Theory Online*
University of California, Santa Barbara
8. Copyright Statement
   1.  Retrieving MTO Items (with mto-serv, FTP, and through WWW)
   2.  Subscribing to MTO
   3.  Retrieving MTO Documentation
   4.  Queries and Communications
MTO FileServer
Items are retrieved by sending an email message to the MTO FileServer,
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send a message to one of the following two addresses:
Leave the "Subject:" line blank and as the body of the message include
the following lines (no personal letterheads or signatures!):
path YourEmailAddress	  (Bitnet addresses *must* include .BITNET)
send Item		  (specify item, as listed below)
send Item		  (additional "send" lines, if desired)
After the word "path," enter your full email address (Bitnet users
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from the *current* issue of MTO, after the word "send," replace "Item" 
with the one of the following options:
articles	(= main article[s])
gifs		(= musical examples)
reviews		(= review[s])
commentaries	(= commentaries on past MTO articles)
dissertations	(= dissertation listings)
announcements	(= announcements)
jobs		(= job listings)
package		(= all the above items, in a single package)
toc		(= current table of contents)
path john_doe@cs.jupiter.mmu.edu
send package
Subscribers with restricted emailbox space should be careful when
using the "package" option.  A full issue of MTO, text and musical
examples, can be quite large and may "crash" an emailbox of limited
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them from the emailbox before requesting more files.
For instructions on retrieving items from back issues, or complete 
back issues of MTO, consult the document "mto-guide.txt" (see below,
on retrieving MTO documentation).
MTO items may also be retrieved through anonymous FTP.  The site
is: smt.ucsb.edu.  An alternate FTP site is located at the
University of North Texas: smtftp.acs.unt.edu.  Use "anonymous" as
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constituting the current issue; toc.current is the most recent table
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current issue number (example: mto.94.0.6).  Refer to the MTO Guide
for further information.
The address of the MTO gopher site is:  smt.ucsb.edu
The initial menu includes an option for MTO.  An alternate gopher
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Follow the links to the current or past issues.
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You will receive a message confirming your subscription.  Once the 
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[NOTE:  Do not send email to the "listproc" addresses for anything
other than initiating and terminating subscriptions to MTO.  Further,
do not send email to mto-list@boethius.  mto-list is solely for broadcasting
MTO to its subscribers, *not* for communication among subscribers, nor 
for retrieving MTO items (done with mto-serv), nor for communication
with the Editor (address above).  Please do not send mail to 
mto-list@boethius, *nor* use a "reply" command on email distributed through 
Several MTO explanatory documents are available through mto-serv:
mto-guide.txt (the MTO Guide, also retrievable from "listproc")
   Instructions for
	a. subscribing to MTO
	b. retrieving MTO items (articles, reviews,
	   commentaries, musical examples, and figures)
	c. posting items in MTO (announcements, jobs, dissertations)
	d. searching the MTO database
   Guidelines for authors
   MTO editorial policy
   List of available software (IBM and Mac) for MTO
   subscribers, and instructions for retrieving the
   List of all files in the MTO archive (updated regularly)
To retrieve any of these documents, send an email message to one of 
the "mto-serv" addresses (not to the "listproc" addresses!), and use 
the format shown above ("path" line with full email address, and one 
or more "send" lines specifying the desired document[s]).  For example, 
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mto-serv and as the body of the message include only the following two 
lines (no personal letterheads or signatures!):
path john_doe@cs.jupiter.mmu.edu    (Bitnet addresses must include .BITNET)
send software.txt
send authors.txt		  (additional "send" lines for more items)
The words "path" (followed by an email address) and "send" (followed
by the desired item) *must* appear.
Send all queries and communications (announcements, letters to
the Editor, etc.) to one of the following addresses:
	mto-editor@smt.ucsb.edu or to
Copyright Statement
[1] *Music Theory Online* (MTO) as a whole is Copyright (c) 1996,
all rights reserved, by the Society for Music Theory, which is
the owner of the journal.  Copyrights for individual items 
published in MTO are held by their authors.  Items appearing in 
MTO may be saved and stored in electronic or paper form, and may be 
shared among individuals for purposes of scholarly research or 
discussion, but may *not* be republished in any form, electronic or 
print, without prior, written permission from the author(s), and 
advance notification of the editors of MTO.
[2] Any redistributed form of items published in MTO must
include the following information in a form appropriate to
the medium in which the items are to appear:
	This item appeared in *Music Theory Online*
	It was authored by [FULL NAME, EMAIL ADDRESS],
	with whose written permission it is reprinted 
[3] Libraries may archive issues of MTO in electronic or paper 
form for public access so long as each issue is stored in its 
entirety, and no access fee is charged.  Exceptions to these 
requirements must be approved in writing by the editors of MTO, 
who will act in accordance with the decisions of the Society for 
Music Theory.