Rebecca Leydon, Towards a Typology of Minimalist Tropes

Figure 1. Parameters that construct the "musical subject"

"Vocality, gesture, and agency may be drawn together to motivate a synthesis that forms the experience of an active agent or 'persona' in a musical work."

-- Naomi Cumming, "The Subjectivities of Erbarme Dich," Music Analysis 16/1 (March 1997), p. 11

    - affords vicarious vocality

    - affords vicarious kinesthesia

    - locus of "will" or intentionality