1. "Making Music Together, or Improvisation and its Others," The Source: Challenging Jazz Criticism 1 (2004), 5-25.

2. Ingrid Monson, Saying Something: Jazz Improvisation and Interaction (Chicago: Chicago University Press, 1996), 74.

3. Alfred Schutz, "Making music together: a study in social relationship," in Arvid Brodersen (ed.), Alfred Schutz: Collected papers II: Studies in Social Theory (The Hague: Nijhoff, 1964), 177.

4. Monson, 141-3.

5. John Potter, Vocal Authority: Singing Style and Ideology (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1998), 178-82.

6. Monson, 186.

7. "Between process and product: music and/as performance," Music Theory Online 7.2 (2001).

8. Eric Clarke, Nicholas Cook, Bryn Harrison, and Philip Thomas, "Interpretation and performance in Bryn Harison's être-temps" (Musicae Scientiae, forthcoming), on which the following draws; I am grateful to my co-authors and to Irène Deliege for permitting me to reproduce materials from this publication.

9. Quoted in Paul Berliner, Thinking in Jazz: The Infinite Art of Improvisation (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1994), 192.

End of footnotes